Bioethics in Eastern Europe: Panorama of Views, Phenomena and Concepts
Bioethics was unknown in Eastern Europe until the 1990s. After the fall of communism, however, these countries rapidly opened and embraced Western trends and models of bioethics, accepting the directives of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University – without even knowing the proximity of the original concept of bio-ethics in Europe. This paper analyses the bioethical status of Eastern European countries by looking at the contours of the neglected European intellectual heritage. By using a systematic literature review and field research, the foundations of historical dynamics of the development of bioethics in Eastern European countries have been established at the intersection of Potter’s and Jahr’s bioethics. Without knowing the work of Fritz Jahr, his basic ideas have been followed.
Keywords: bioethics; Eastern Europe; Fritz Jahr; Van Rensselaer Potter; the history of bioethics.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).