Bioethical common factors amidst Krause masonry and Saint Francis of Assisi systems of thought appeal to respectful dialogue, nature and understanding: the Jahr’s dialogue beyond the age of "enlightment" and the metadisciplinary "dark" ages


  • Ricardo Andrés Roa-Castellanos


Fritz Jahr, Prime Bioethics, Metadiscipline, Saint Francis of Assisi, Bioethical Dialogue, Enlightenment, Dark Ages, Beliefs, Dual Nature


It has been known that the fi rst reference of the word Bioethics in the twentieth century was due

to German theologist Fritz Jahr in 1927. In that surprising paper Jahr, a protestant Lutheran

university professor, proposes humble catholic deacon, Saint Francis of Assisi (1181-1226), as

the fi rst discoverer of Bioethics in Western Civilization. At the same time, Jahr quotes K.C.F

Krause, a Masonic mathematics and philosophy doctor, who is referred within this manuscript

because of his ideas on Life respect regarding also any given species. Saint Francis, a medieval

icon who prevails as the devoted saint of ecologists and peacemakers, was the rebuilder of the

catholic faith during those chaotic and excessively philosophical / theological times, when Life

got under human siege. Krause was expelled from the Masonic movement (1810) while Saint

Francis was advised to become an isolated hermit (1209) to be kept aside from the community

due to his, somehow, rebellious strict observance of the original gospel in times when richness

and vanity were becoming a sign of social success. Th ey represent diff erent methods regarding

the same concern: Th at is to say, Life protection and peaceful stability. While the saint appeals

to Love, the academic one trusts the Law as basic strategy. Historical and Philosophical contexts

and controversies are also analyzed. Beliefs, knowledge, bias, prejudices, intellectual fi ghts defi ne

the way many people live and assume their own and others’ lives.